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The Influences of Mass Loading and Rapid Dilution of Secondary Organic Aerosol on Particle Volatility : Volume 15, Issue 16 (21/08/2015)

By Kolesar, K. R.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003984405
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 17
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: The Influences of Mass Loading and Rapid Dilution of Secondary Organic Aerosol on Particle Volatility : Volume 15, Issue 16 (21/08/2015)  
Author: Kolesar, K. R.
Volume: Vol. 15, Issue 16
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2015
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Cappa, C. D., Johnson, D., Chen, C., & Kolesar, K. R. (2015). The Influences of Mass Loading and Rapid Dilution of Secondary Organic Aerosol on Particle Volatility : Volume 15, Issue 16 (21/08/2015). Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.com/


Description
Description: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA. The thermally induced evaporation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) has been characterized for SOA formed from the dark ozonolysis of Α-pinene at initial mass concentrations ranging from 1 to 800 μg m−3. Temperature-dependent particle size distributions were measured using a thermodenuder and the resulting mass thermograms were compared between the SOA formed at the various SOA mass concentrations. Negligible differences were observed between the mass thermograms for SOA concentrations < 300 μg m−3. At higher SOA concentrations, the observed mass thermograms indicated the SOA was actually slightly less volatile than the SOA at lower concentrations; this is likely an artifact due to either saturation of the gas phase or to recondensation during cooling. The thermograms observed when the SOA was formed at high concentrations (> 380 μg m−3) and then rapidly isothermally diluted to low concentrations (1–20 μg m−3) were identical to those for the SOA that was initially formed at low concentrations. The experimental results were compared to a kinetic model that simulates particle evaporation upon heating in a thermodenuder for a given input volatility distribution and particle composition. Three cases were considered: (1) the SOA was composed of semi-volatile monomer species with a volatility distribution based on that derived previously from consideration of SOA growth experiments; (2) the initial SOA was composed almost entirely of non-volatile dimers that decompose upon heating into their semi-volatile monomer units, which can then evaporate; and (3) where a volatility distribution was derived by fitting the model to the observed mass thermograms. It was found that good agreement is obtained between model predictions and the observations when the particle composition is dominated by either compounds of low volatility or by dimers. These same models were used to simulate isothermal evaporation of the SOA and were found to be broadly consistent with literature observations that indicate that SOA evaporation occurs with multiple timescales. The use of the semi-volatile monomer volatility distribution fails to reproduce the observed evaporation. The presence of dimers and larger oligomers in secondary organic aerosol formed from products of the reaction of α-pinene and O3 has been well established in laboratory studies. However, the timescale and relative importance of the formation of oligomers or low-volatility compounds in the growth and evaporation of SOA has been debated. This study provides further support that low-volatility compounds and oligomers are formed in α-pinene + O3 in high abundances and suggests that their formation occurs rapidly upon particle formation.

Summary
The influences of mass loading and rapid dilution of secondary organic aerosol on particle volatility

Excerpt
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