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Plos One : Acceptance and Use of Eight Arsenic-safe Drinking Water Options in Bangladesh, Volume 7

By States, J. Christopher

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Book Id: WPLBN0003933289
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Acceptance and Use of Eight Arsenic-safe Drinking Water Options in Bangladesh, Volume 7  
Author: States, J. Christopher
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos


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States, J. C. (n.d.). Plos One : Acceptance and Use of Eight Arsenic-safe Drinking Water Options in Bangladesh, Volume 7. Retrieved from

Description : Arsenic contamination of drinking water is a serious public health threat. In Bangladesh, eight major safe water options provide an alternative to contaminated shallow tubewells : piped water supply, deep tubewells, pond sand filters, community arsenic-removal, household arsenic removal, dug wells, well-sharing, and rainwater harvesting. However, it is uncertain how well these options are accepted and used by the at-risk population. Based on the RANAS model (risk, attitudes, norms, ability, and self-regulation) this study aimed to identify the acceptance and use of available safe water options. Cross-sectional face-to-face interviews were used to survey 1,268 households in Bangladesh in November 2009 (n = 872), and December 2010 (n = 396). The questionnaire assessed water consumption, acceptance factors from the RANAS model, and socioeconomic factors. Although all respondents had access to at least one arsenic-safe drinking water option, only 62.1% of participants were currently using these alternatives. The most regularly used options were household arsenic removal filters (92.9%) and piped water supply (85.6%). However, the former result may be positively biased due to high refusal rates of household filter owners. The least used option was household rainwater harvesting (36.6%). Those who reported not using an arsenic-safe source differed in terms of numerous acceptance factors from those who reported using arsenic-safe sources : non-users were characterized by greater vulnerability: showed less preference for the taste and temperature of alternative sources: found collecting safe water quite time-consuming: had lower levels of social norms, selfefficacy, and coping planning: and demonstrated lower levels of commitment to collecting safe water. Acceptance was particularly high for piped water supplies and deep tubewells, whereas dug wells and well-sharing were the least accepted sources. Intervention strategies were derived from the results in order to increase the acceptance and use of each arsenicsafe water option.


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