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Chapter 16 : Limiting Vessel Pollution and Improving Vessel Safety

By National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Book Id: WPLBN0000682232
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 383.87 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Chapter 16 : Limiting Vessel Pollution and Improving Vessel Safety  
Author: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collections: National Oceanographic Data Center
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication


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And Atmospheric Administration, N. O. (n.d.). Chapter 16 : Limiting Vessel Pollution and Improving Vessel Safety. Retrieved from

Excerpt: ASSESSING THE BENEFITS AND RISKS OF VESSEL ACTIVITIES. Commercial and recreational vessel activities contribute substantially to the U.S. economy. Ships carry more than 95 percent of the nation?s overseas cargo and 9 to 15 percent of its domestic freight. The U.S. cruise industry and its passengers generated almost $12 billion in annual spending in 2002, and recreational boaters spend an estimated $30 billion a year. However, as with all industries, the many benefits derived from vessel operations are accompanied by safety and environmental risks that require effective government oversight. A 1995 U.S. Coast Guard study identified human error as the cause of approximately 80 percent of all maritime casualties. Recent events--such as an oil spill from a barge in Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts that caused significant economic and environmental damage and a Staten Island, New York ferry accident that resulted in multiple fatalities--demonstrate that protecting the environment and enhancing safety require continued focus and vigilance. It is worth noting that many of the pollutants associated with vessels also have land-based sources. In fact, 80 percent of all ocean pollution originates from land-based activities, including many of the types of pollution commonly associated with vessel activities. For example, spills due to ship borne oil transportation, including spills from tankers, account for only about percent of the human input of petroleum into North American waters. Nevertheless, the existence of other sources does not diminish the importance of finding better ways to reduce vessel pollution.


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