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World Ocean Database 2001 Volume 1 : Introduction

By Evans, Donald L.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000662109
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 8.01 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Ocean Database 2001 Volume 1 : Introduction  
Author: Evans, Donald L.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collections: National Oceanographic Data Center
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication

Citation

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Evans, O. L. (n.d.). World Ocean Database 2001 Volume 1 : Introduction. Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.com/


Excerpt
Preface: The oceanographic databases described by this atlas series greatly expands on the World Ocean Database 1998 (WOD98) product. We have expanded these earlier databases to include data from new instrument types such as profiling floats and new variables such as pCO2 and TCO2. Previous oceanographic databases including the NODC/WDC profile archives, and products derived from these databases, have proven to be of great utility to the international oceanographic, climate research, and operational environmental forecasting communities. In particular, the objectively analyzed fields of temperature and salinity derived from these databases have been used in a variety of ways. These include use as boundary and/or initial conditions in numerical ocean circulation models, for verification of numerical simulations of the ocean, as a form of sea truth for satellite measurements such as altimetric observations of sea surface height, and for planning oceanographic expeditions. Increasingly nutrient fields are being used to initialize and/or verify biogeochemical models of the world ocean. The databases, and products based on these databases, are critical for support of international assessment programs such as the Intergovernmental Program on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations.

Table of Contents
Contents Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. Introduct ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1a Goals for World Ocean Database 2001 (WOD01) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1b Data and instr ument (probe) t ypes in WOD01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1c Economic justification for maintaining archives of historical oceanographic data: the value of stewar dship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.1d Data fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.1 e Distribut ion media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.1f Applic atio n soft war e interf aces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2. Compa riso n of WOD 01 wit h previ ous glo bal oc ean pr ofile da tab ases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Dat a sou rces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.1 Project results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.1a IOC Global Oceanogra phic Data Archaeol ogy and Rescue Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.1b World Ocean Database Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1c IOC Global Temperature-Salinity Profile Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1d International research project data sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.1 e International Research Projects data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.2 ICES cont ribut ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.3 Declassified naval data sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.4 Integ ra ted Gl oba l Ocea n Ser vice-V olunt ar y Obs ervin g Ship pro gra ms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.4a NOAA Ship-o f-Oppo rtuni ty Progr am (SOO P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.4b SURTROPAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.4c Underway CO2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. Quality C ontrol Fla gs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5. XBT drop rate err or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 6. Pro file cou nts of individu al ins tru ment typ es . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 7. Outlook for future acquisitions of historical ocean profile and plankton data and international cooperation in the ?World Ocean Database Project? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 8. Bibliograp hy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 9. Appendix A: Yearly distribution maps of all casts in WOD01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

 

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