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Organized Crime and Terrorist Activity in Mexico, 1999-2002

By Miro, Ramon J.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000200410
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Organized Crime and Terrorist Activity in Mexico, 1999-2002  
Author: Miro, Ramon J.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Military, Armed Forces., National defense.
Collections: Military and Armed Forces Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Department of Defense

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Miro, R. J. (n.d.). Organized Crime and Terrorist Activity in Mexico, 1999-2002. Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.com/


Description
Government Reference Publication

Excerpt
Excerpt: KEY FINDINGS ? Mexico’s drug trafficking and alien smuggling networks have expanded their criminal activities aimed at the United States by capitalizing on the explosive growth of transborder commerce under NAFTA and the attendant growth in human and merchandise traffic between Mexico and the United States. The growth in trans-border commerce, as manifested in soaring levels of overland passenger and commercial vehicle traffic, has provided an ever-expanding “haystack” in which the “needles” of illicit narcotics and illegal aliens can be more easily concealed. ? In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, increased border security measures temporarily heightened the risks of interdiction for Mexican drug traffickers and alien smugglers. This heightened level of risk forced smugglers to increase their reliance on sophisticated counter-detection measures, such as border tunnels, multiple repackaging of drug shipments, containerization, and rail transport. ? Mexico’s three major drug cartels are being superseded by a half-dozen smaller, corporate style, trafficking networks. In a process that mirrors the post-cartel reconstitution of drug trafficking networks in Colombia, this “new generation” of Mexican drug traffickers is less prone to violence and more likely to employ sophisticated technologies and cooperative strategies. The processes that are driving Mexican drug trafficking organizations toward establishing cooperative networks of increasing sophistication and decreasing visibility are likely to intensify in the post- September 11 environment. As a result, Mexican drug trafficking networks are likely to emulate their Colombian counterparts by investing heavily in counterintelligence, expanding and diversifying their legitimate enterprises, and concealing transnational partnerships that could attract undue attention from U.S. intelligence and law enforcement agencies. ? Alien smuggling from Mexico to the United States is a US$300 million-a-year business, second only to Mexico’s illicit drug trade in terms of revenues from criminal activities. Between 100 and 300 human smuggling rings operate in Mexico, many of which are loosely coupled with one or more of a half-dozen core human smuggling networks that have extensive transnational contacts. ? A variety of Russian criminal organizations, operating through dozens of small cells, are engaged in a wide range of illegal activities in Mexico. Some Russian criminal organizations based in southern California have entered into drug trafficking partnerships with Mexican drug cartels. ? Asian criminal organizations are active in Mexico as partners with domestic alien smuggling and human trafficking rings, as suppliers of primary materials for narcotics to Mexican drug traffickers, and as wholesalers and retailers of counterfeit merchandise and pirated intellectual property.

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE ..................................................................................................................................... i KEY FINDINGS.............................................................................................................................1 INTRODUCTION ...........................................................................................................................3 POLYDRUG TRAFFICKING ORGANIZATION S .................................................................5 Arellano-Felix Organization........................................................................................................6 Carrillo Fuentes Organization......................................................................................................8 Cárdenas Guillén Organization....................................................................................................9 Zambada García Organization...................................................................................................11 Amezcua-Contreras Organization..............................................................................................12 Caro-Quintero Organization ......................................................................................................13 Guzmán/Palma Organization.....................................................................................................14 Espinoza Ramírez Organization ................................................................................................14 Valencia Organization ...............................................................................................................15 Díaz Parada Organization ..........................................................................................................15 Eduviko García Organization ....................................................................................................16 “MaBaker” Buendía Organization.............................................................................................16 Herrera Family Organization.....................................................................................................17 NORTHERN BORDER SMUGGLING GANG S ....................................................................18 Herrera/Rubio “Los Texas” Gang..............................................................................................18 Román García “Los Chachos” Gang .........................................................................................18 Jesús Lugo “Los Sinaloa” Gang ................................................................................................19 “Los Michoacanos” Gang..........................................................................................................19 “Los Tres de la Sierra” Gang.....................................................................................................20 “Los Tigres de Guerrero” Gang.................................................................................................20 ALIEN SMUGGLING NETWORK S .......................................................................................21 Peralta-Rodríguez Organization.................................................................................................22 “Los Tello” Organization...........................................................................................................23 Castillo Organization .................................................................................................................23 Martínez Terán Organization.....................................................................................................24 Castorena-San Germán Organization ........................................................................................24 Iglesia

 

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