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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Port and Maritime Security : Background and Issues for Congress Updated May 10, 2005

By Frittelli, John F.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000148505
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008

Title: Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Port and Maritime Security : Background and Issues for Congress Updated May 10, 2005  
Author: Frittelli, John F.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Frittelli, J. F. (n.d.). Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Port and Maritime Security : Background and Issues for Congress Updated May 10, 2005. Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.com/


Excerpt
Summary: The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 heightened awareness about the vulnerability to terrorist attack of all modes of transportation. Port security has emerged as a significant part of the overall debate on U.S. homeland security. The overarching issues for Congress are providing oversight on current port security programs and making or responding to proposals to improve port security...

Table of Contents
Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Concerns for Port Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Features of the U.S. Maritime System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 U.S. Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Commercial Ships Using U.S. Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Cargo Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Importance of the U.S. Maritime System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Economic Importance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 National Security Importance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Port Security Threat Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Port and Ship Vulnerabilities to Terrorist Attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Port Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Container Shipments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Maritime Crimes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Government Authorities at Seaports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Port Governance and Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Federal Agencies Involved in Port Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Port Security Initiatives by Federal Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Coast Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Bureau of Customs and Border Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Transportation Security Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Maritime Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 International Institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Recent Law on Port Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Issues for Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Addressing the Threat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Funding Port Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Sources of Funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Allocating Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Resources for Foreign Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Balancing Security and Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Point of Origin Cargo Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Vessels Under Foreign Ownership and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 International Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Standard vs. Site-Specific Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Security Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Roles and Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

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