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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1995 ; Issue 9242561576 - (Chapter 7): Vitamin a Supplements ; A Guide to Their Use in the Treatment and Prevention of Vitamin a Deficiency and Xerophthalmia

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000144610
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.8 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization Publication : Year 1995 ; Issue 9242561576 - (Chapter 7): Vitamin a Supplements ; A Guide to Their Use in the Treatment and Prevention of Vitamin a Deficiency and Xerophthalmia  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization Publication : Year 1995 ; Issue 9242561576 - (Chapter 7). Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.com/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
I n 1984 the Thirty-seventh World Health Assembly adopted a resolution requesting the Director-General of the World Health Organization (\IWO) to give all possible support to Member States in the prevention and control of vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia and to coordinate with other intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations the launching and management of programmes for this purpose. In 1985, WHO proposed a coordinated 10-year plan of action for the prevention and control of vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia. The overall strate0 included a mixture of long-, medium-, and shortterm measures. Long-term measures are those designed primarily to increase the availability and collsumption of foods rich in vitamin A, which may include vitamin-A-fortified foods. Riledium- and short-term measures are employed until dietary changes or food fortification have checked the problem, and include the administration of vitamin A supplements, most often in high doses.

Table of Contents
Contents Preface 1. Introduction 2. Prevention of vitamin A deficiency, xerophthalmia, and nutritional blindness in children Rationale Safety Universal distribution Targeted distribution to high-risk children Targeted distribution to pregnant women 3. Treatment of xerophthalmia Young children Women of reproductive age 4. Treatment during measles 5. Operational issues Vitamin A preparations Vitamin A units Storage considerations Sources of vitamin A supplies Logistics Training Monitoring and evaluation Selected further reading Annex 1. Members of the WHO/UNICEF/IVACG Task Force Annex 2. Countries categorized by degree of public health importance of vitamin A deficiency, by WHO region Annex 3. Scientific rationale for vitamin A supplementation Annex 4. Stability of common vitamin A preparations

 

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