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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; Communicable Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases ; Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response, No. 2000.2: A Framework for Global Outbreak Alert and Response

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000132695
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; Communicable Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases ; Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response, No. 2000.2: A Framework for Global Outbreak Alert and Response  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; Communicable Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases ; Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response, No. 2000.2. Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.com/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
1. Background Throughout history, human populations have experienced major outbreaks of infectious diseases, often resulting in large numbers of deaths, panic, disruption of trade and political instability. While all communicable diseases have the potential to spread, it is the rapidity of spread of epidemic-prone diseases and the high mortality rates in newly affected populations which have marked the human psyche and determined many of our social and political responses to outbreaks. Outbreak threats were chiefly seen as coming from the outside, beyond the city or national borders. Observers noted (often incorrectly) that outbreaks followed the introduction of new people (conquering armies or immigrants). Attempts to control these outbreaks were often grounded more in prejudice and superstition than any fundamental understanding of disease causation or transmission. The public health movements of the late 19th century identified the issues of poverty, overcrowding, poor sanitation, and lack of access to clean water as factors that were associated with outbreaks, especially in urban areas. However, despite advances in the understanding of disease transmission and causation, large local, regional and global epidemics continued to occur. Plague killed 1 315 892 million people in India during 1907 alone. In 1918 the influenza pandemic is estimated to have killed over 20 million people. The introduction of cholera and yellow fever were constant threats. National legislation to control the spread of infectious diseases was introduced in many countries as a cornerstone of public health policy.

Table of Contents
Contents 1. Background 1 2. Current Situation 2 3. Action by the international community to contain outbreaks 3 4. Gaps, constraints, and challenges in global alert and response 6 5. Solutions 6 6. Objectives of a global outbreak alert and response network 7 7. Underlying principles of the network 7 8. Functions of the network 7 8.1 Outbreak alert 8 8.2 Coordination of outbreak response 9 8.3 Support for activities within response function 9 8.4 Preparedness (national and international) 10 9. Structure of the network 11 9.1. Network Operational Support Team 12 9.2 Network partners 12 10. Network development, oversight and evaluation 12 11. Funding the network 13 12. Activities leading to a functional network 13 Annex 1: Activity matrix 15

 

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