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World Health Organization : Year 1993 ; World Health Organization, International Conference, Macroeconomic Development and the Health Sector, No. 2.9: Macroeconomic Development and the Health Sector in Malawi

By E. E. Ngalande Banda

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Book Id: WPLBN0000104936
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 1993 ; World Health Organization, International Conference, Macroeconomic Development and the Health Sector, No. 2.9: Macroeconomic Development and the Health Sector in Malawi  
Author: E. E. Ngalande Banda
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Ngalande Banda, E. E. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 1993 ; World Health Organization, International Conference, Macroeconomic Development and the Health Sector, No. 2.9. Retrieved from http://worldebooklibrary.com/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Introduction Analysis of Macroeconomic Developments The current population of Malawi, a south-eastern African country, is over 8.2 million, all of whom live within an area of some 118,000 km.. Between 1980 and 1988, Malawi registered one of the highest population growth rates in the world, even by African standards - estimated at about 3.8% per annum, including refugees (World Bank, 1990a). Since the country became independent in 1964, the population has more than doubled, and about half are under the age of 15. Life expectancy at birth is about 48 years (UNDP, 1990), while the infant mortality rate is one of the highest in the world: 149 per 1,000 live births (UNDP, 1990; World Bank, 1990b). Among the children who survive beyond their first birthday, malnutrition is rampant - 24% of children under five are underweight (UNDP, 1990) - despite the fact that Malawi is an agricultural country in which food self-sufficiency is an acknowledged success. The context within which the successes and failures in the country are best understood can be divided into two broad periods. The period of highest growth was from immediately after independence until about 1978-79. From 1979 to about 1987, Malawi went through a difficult period, characterized by structural adjustment programmes. Recovery bas been recorded over the period 1987-91, but, so far, the economy has not recovered its pre-1979 levels. In sections 1 to 3 of this paper, we trace some of the development highlights of the growth period, the structural adjustment period and, to the extent possible, the recovery period, from the real side of the economy. The fourth section is devoted entirely to the health sector. The fifth section discusses the implications of macroeconomic developments for the health sector.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Introducion : Analysis of Macroeconmic Developments…………………………..1 1. Post-Independence Economic Development…………………………………….1 1.1 Production……………………………………………………………………….1 1.2 Incomes…………………………………………………………………………..6 1.3 Wages and employment................................................................................6 1.4 Prices.............................................................................................................8

 

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