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The Effectiveness of World Bank Support for Community-Based and -Driven Development

By The World Bank

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Book Id: WPLBN0000046216
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.9 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: The Effectiveness of World Bank Support for Community-Based and -Driven Development  
Author: The World Bank
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank


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Bank, T. W. (n.d.). The Effectiveness of World Bank Support for Community-Based and -Driven Development. Retrieved from


Participatory approaches that involve local communities in their own development have gained substantial support among international donors over the past quarter-century and have become increasingly important in the work of the World Bank. Community participation is an approach to development that can be used with any Bank lending instrument and across sectors. Projects can involve communities in different ways?by sharing information, consulting, collaborating, or empowering them. The process of involving communities in project activities is also expected to contribute in most cases to community capacity enhancement. The World Bank?s support for community participation has been manifested in the design and implementation of either community- based development (CBD) or community-driven development (CDD) projects. Although the literature does not clearly distinguish CBD from CDD,1 there is increasing consensus that CDD projects give communities control over resources and decisions in the design and implementation of subprojects. CBD projects, however, give communities comparatively less responsibility and emphasize collaboration, consultation, and information sharing with them. Since the late 1990s, the focus of such Bank-supported projects has shifted toward CDD, although many CDD projects also include CBD components.


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