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Can Private Schools Subsidies Increase Schooling for the Poor : The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program

By Kim, Jooseop

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Book Id: WPLBN0000015648
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Can Private Schools Subsidies Increase Schooling for the Poor : The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program  
Author: Kim, Jooseop
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank


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Harold Aldermanb, And Peter Orazem, J. K. (n.d.). Can Private Schools Subsidies Increase Schooling for the Poor : The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program. Retrieved from


Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are lower than in other countries at the same level of economic development. The proportion of children in school is about half that in India and three quarters that in Bangladesh and Nepal. Nationally, the gross enrollment rate is 58 percent, 69 percent for boys but only 42 percent for girls. The enrollment gender gap is even wider in the province of Balochistan with 62 percent of boys but only 29 percent of girls enrolled.1 The government of Pakistan has established a goal of universal primary enrollment by the year 2006. This would require more than doubling girls' enrollment nationally and more than tripling girls' enrollment in Balochistan. However, in Pakistan, as in many other countries, increasing government school capacity is constrained by inadequate public budgets. Expansion of school capacity has the potential to target poor households on the basis of residency since the children least served by existing public schools reside in rural areas or poor neighborhoods of cities. There is evidence that school enrollment and achievement in Pakistan are constrained by insufficient school supply in these areas.2 However, in addition to limitations on recurrent budget, the government is limited in that it generally constructs, rather than rents, school capacity. This poses a particular problem in poor urban neighborhoods, since the government requires that the neighborhood provide land for a new government school. Many neighborhoods have developed as squatters? communities where the necessary defined property rights are lacking.


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