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Report to Congress Pursuant to the Shark Finning Prohibition Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-557)

By National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Excerpt
Introduction: Sharks are fish in the class Chondrichthyes, or cartilaginous fishes. As a group, sharks (and other elasmobranchs, such as skates and rays) present an array of issues and challenges for fisheries management and conservation. They are generally at the top of the food chain and their abundance is relatively small compared to groups at lower trophic levels. They are often characterized by late age of maturity and relatively slow growth and reproductive rates. Historically, compared to many bony fishes, sharks have had relatively low economic value, and thus have been a lesser priority for fisheries research and management. In recent years, however, there has been increasing concern about the status of shark stocks and the sustainability of their exploitation in world fisheries. As the commercial value of some species and/or shark products has grown, there have been increased international fishing efforts directed at sharks and there is increasing evidence of overfishing. In turn, several international initiatives have been undertaken to promote greater understanding of sharks in the ecosystem and greater efforts to conserve the many species taken in world fisheries.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents 1. Introduction 1.1 Management Authority in the United States 1.2 Current Management of Sharks in the Atlantic Ocean 1.3 Current Management of Sharks in the Pacific Ocean 1.4 U.S. Regulations to Implement the Shark Finning Prohibition Act 1.5 National Marine Fisheries Service Enforcement Actions Pertaining to the Shark Finning Prohibition Act 2. U.S. Imports and Exports of Shark Fins and Enforcement of the Shark Finning Prohibition Act 2.1 Exports of Shark Fins 2.2 Imports of Shark Fins 3. International Efforts to Advance the Goals of the Shark Finning Prohibition Act 3.1 Bilateral Efforts 3.2 Regional Efforts 3.2.1 Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) 3.2.2 Inter-American Tropical Tunas Commission (IATTC) 3.2.3 International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) 3.2.4 Multilateral High-Level Conference on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific (MHLC) 3.2.5 South Pacific Tunas Treaty (SPTT) 3.2.6 International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES) 3.2.7 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Convention on Migratory Species 3.2.8 North Pacific Interim Scientific Committee for Tuna and Tuna-like Species (ISC) 3.2.9 Sub-Saharan Africa 3.2.10 Department of State's Regional Environmental Hub Program 3.3 Multilateral Efforts 3.3.1 Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations (FAO), Committee on Fisheries (COFI) 3.3.2 International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) 3.3.3 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) 4. National Marine Fisheries Service Research on Sharks 4.1 Data Collection and Stock Assessments 4.2 Incidental Catch Reduction 4.3 Post-Release Survival 4.4 Education and Outreach 4.5 Fishing Capacit

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Book Id: WPLBN0000693342
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 221.11 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Report to Congress Pursuant to the Shark Finning Prohibition Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-557)  
Author: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collection: National Oceanographic Data Center
Subcollection:
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication
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