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U.S. Access Board Collection


eDocuments, publications, and reference material by the U.S. Access Board Collection, an independent federal agency whose primary mission is accessibility for people with disabilities.

 
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Large Area Assistive Listening Systems (Als) : Review and Recommen...

By: Matthew H. Bakke

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center at the Lexington School for the Deaf was charged with recommending performance standards for Assistive Listening Systems (ALS) to the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (the Access board). Included in this charge was the preparation of a State of the Art paper that would describe the current status and major issues presented by ALS. The recommended standards were to be based not only on the r...

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Anthropometry for Persons with Disabilities : Needs for the Twenty...

By: Bruce Bradtmiller

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: This document is the final report of Task 2 of the Anthropometric Research Review undertaken by Anthropology Research Project, Inc. (ARP) for the U.S. Architecture and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board), and administered by the U.S. Department of Education under Contract No. QA96001001. The authors thank David Yanchulis, Research Coordinator at the Access Board, for his cooperation and support. They are grateful, also, for the many hours of ...

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Interfacing Accessible Pedestrian Signals (Aps) with Traffic Signa...

By: David A. Noyce

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The primary objective of this research was to provide detailed accessible pedestrian signal (APS) product information specifically focused on the interfacing of APS devices and traffic signal controllers. Information on the various traffic signal controllers used today is also provided. The information is intended for traffic engineers, traffic signal technicians, and others who are implementing APS technologies.

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Visual Detection of Detectable Warning Materials by Pedestrians wi...

By: United States Access Board

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Detectable warnings are walking surfaces that are primarily intended to provide a tactile cue to pedestrians who are visually impaired. They are installed at locations such as the edge of a train platform or at the transition between the sidewalk and the street to warn pedestrians of the potential hazard that lies ahead. The tactile properties of detectable warnings result from a grid of small, truncated (flat-topped) domes across the warning surface. This patte...

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Detectable Warnings : Synthesis of U. S. And International Practice

By: Billie Louise Bentzen

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The authors wish to express their appreciation to all who generously contributed their time and efforts in providing information, specifications, and photographs, to those who participated in interviews, and to those who gave permission for us to list their names in this publication as contacts for more information. The authors are thankful to Lois Thibault of the U.S. Access Board for the provision of difficult to obtain resources, and for her careful editing a...

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Accessible Exterior Surfaces Technical Article

By: Peter W. Axelson

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: This pilot study conducted human subject testing and objective measures of firmness and stability on nine types of exterior surfaces as part of Phase II of the Accessible Exterior Surfaces research project. The purpose of this research was to determine the amount of energy required to negotiate these different surface types, if the values obtained with a portable surface measurement device provide information about the level of access, and to develop recommendat...

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Hands-On Architecture Part I

By: Edward Steinfeld

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: This technical assistance document is based on the results and findings of the Hand Anthropometrics Project (Contract No. 300-84-0247), created to develop an information base for designing products that are used in buildings and intended to be manipulated by hand. The study focused on the abilities of people with disabilities affecting hand strength and coordination, a group for which there is a lack of human factors design data. The citations to volume, part an...

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Accessible Pedestrian Signals

By: Billie Louise Bentzen

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires access to the public right-of-way for people with disabilities. Access to traffic and signal information is an important feature of accessible sidewalks and street crossings for pedestrians who have vision impairments. While most intersections pose little difficulty for independent travelers who are blind or have low vision, there are some situations in which the information provided by an accessible pedestrian ...

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Field Performance Testing of Improved Engineered Wood Fiber Surfac...

By: Theodore L. Laufenberg

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Some engineered wood fiber (EWF) surfaces on playgrounds are soft and uneven, which creates difficulties for those who use mobility aids, such as wheelchairs and walkers. The outdoor field testing reported in this study is part of an effort to stabilize EWF to improve accessibility. The concept is to mix a binder with the upper surface of EWF to create a stiff (firm) and scuff-resistant (stable) composite over layer. Latex, silicone, and polyurethane binders wer...

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Stabilized Engineered Wood Fiber for Accessible Playground Surfaces

By: Theodore L. Laufenberg

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Playground surfaces of sand, pea gravel, and engineered wood fiber (EWF) provide some level of impact protection for children. However, because these surfaces are soft and uneven, they can be difficult for those who use mobility aids such as wheelchairs and walkers. This study is the third phase of a research and development project in pursuit of a stable, smooth, and impact-attenuating surface based on wood materials to improve wheelchair and walker accessibili...

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Stabilized Engineered Wood Fiber for Accessible Trails

By: Theodore L. Laufenberg

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Trails made with wood chips are difficult for those who use mobility aids because the surface is soft, uneven, and shifting. This report describes the development of a concept for stabilizing engineered wood fiber (EWF) to improve wheelchair and walker accessibility for outdoor recreational trails where traditional paving would be costly and would detract from the natural aesthetics. The applicability and field performance of two binder?EWF systems previously de...

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Swimming Pool Accessibility Executive Summary

By: Edward J. Hamilton

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: This project was conducted for the U.S. Architecture and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board to identify and evaluate methods and standards related to enabling access to swimming pools by people with disabilities. It focused on the appropriateness, independent use, degree of consistency with existing building standards, level of safety, and impact on pool design. With the assistance of a national advisory panel, four principal activities were undertaken: a ...

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Synthesis of Literature Relevant to Roundabout Signalization to Pr...

By: Vaughan W. Inman

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The primary objective of this paper is to review the key issues in signalization of roundabouts, where the purpose of the signals is to provide pedestrian access, with particular attention to access for persons with severe vision loss. Although roundabouts are infrequently signalized to provide access to pedestrians, roundabouts crosswalks have been signalized where heavy pedestrian flow would otherwise cause long vehicle delays, where unbalanced traffic volumes...

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Ada Access to Passenger Vessels : Finding Safety Equivalence Solut...

By: Michael G. Dyer

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The authors wish to thank the numerous organizations and individuals who graciously provided their time, knowledge and guidance in the development of this report. Our sponsors at the Architecture and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board have been supportive. We owe thanks to many in the Coast Guard who responded to our inquiries and contributed their time, their knowledge, and their experience. They include Mr. Tom Jordan and Mr. Al Penn (Coast Guard Headqua...

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Ada Access to Passenger Vessels : Finding Safety Equivalence Solut...

By: Michael G. Dyer

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The author wishes to thank the numerous organizations and individuals who graciously provided their time, knowledge and guidance in the development of this report. Our sponsors at the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board have been supportive. We owe thanks to many in the U.S. Coast Guard who responded to our inquiries and contributed their time, their knowledge, and their experience. They include Captain Raymond Petow, Mr. Tom Jordan and Mr...

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Securement Wheelchairs and Other Mobility Aids on Transit Vehicles

By: Dale E. Daucher

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) in the interest of information exchange. Neither the Access Board nor the United States Government assumes liability for its contents or use thereof. The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Board. The United States Government does not endorse products, manufacturers, or private corporations...

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Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board 36 Cfr ...

By: Patrick D. Cannon

Government Reference Publication

Summary: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board or Board) is issuing final guidelines for accessibility, usability, and compatibility of telecommunications equipment and customer premises equipment covered by section 255 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The Act requires manufacturers of telecommunications equipment and customer premises equipment to ensure that the equipment is designed, developed, and fabricated to be accessib...

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Part II Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board

By: Thurman M. Davis

Government Reference Publication

Summary: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) is issuing final accessibility standards for electronic and information technology covered by section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998. Section 508 requires the Access Board to publish standards setting forth a definition of electronic and information technology and the technical and functional performance criteria necessary for such technology to comply with section 50...

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Section 508 Facts the Access Board a Federal Agency Committed to A...

By: United States Access Board

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: By 1997 about 19 million Americans were using the Internet. That number tripled in one year, and then passed 100 million in 1999. In the first quarter of 2000, more than five million Americans joined the online world--roughly 55,000 new users each day. Every 24 hours, the Web increases by more than 3.2 million new pages and more than 715,000 images. The number of electronic mailboxes worldwide reached almost 570 million in 1999. In 1998 the U.S. Postal Service d...

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Electronic and Information Technology Access Advisory Committee

By: Pam Holme S.

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Workforce Investment Act of 1998, signed into law on August 7, 1998, contains amendments to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The changes to Section 508 of the 1998 amendments to the Rehabilitation Act were designed to strengthen current law to ensure that people with disabilities will have equity in the use of electronic and information technology (E&IT). When Federal departments or agencies develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information techno...

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