World Library  


Search Results (1,734 titles)

Searched over 21.6 Million titles in 0.53 seconds

Federated Media Type
 
Socioeconomics (X)

       
1
|
2
|
3
|
4
|
5
Records: 1 - 20 of 1,734 - Pages: 
  • Cover Image

Report on certain aspects of space environment simulation (expose de synthese sur certains aspects de la simulation de l'environment spatial)

By: Choumoff, S

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: NASA Publication Collection; Astrophysics and Technical Documents; Function and life expectancy of various space environment simulators...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Preliminary Progress Report to Back Bay Planning and Development Corporation on Study of Foundation Conditions in Back Bay, Boston, Massachusetts

By: Back Bay Planning and Development Corporation

outlines the progress of the study of foundation conditions in the Back Bay area of Boston and indicates preliminary conclusions; briefly describes soil and groundwater conditions and estimates life expectancy of existing foundations; formulates general foundation design principles to guide future development; includes a detailed outline for a proposed in-depth study; copies of this item were in the BRA collection.....

Read More
  • Cover Image

Influence of Turbidity and Clouds on Satellite Total Ozone Data Over Madrid (Spain) : Volume 28, Issue 7 (14/07/2010)

By: D. Loyola; E. Hernandez; M. Antón; J. L. Camacho

Description: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología (AEMET), Madrid, Spain. This article focuses on the comparison of the total ozone column data from three satellite instruments; Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometers (TOMS) on board the Earth Probe (EP), Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on board AURA and Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) on board ERS/2, with ground-based measurement recorded by a well calibrated Brewer spectrophotometer located in Madrid during the period 1996–2008. A cluster classification based on solar radiation (global, direct and diffuse), cloudiness and aerosol index allow selecting hazy, cloudy, very cloudy and clear days. Thus, the differences between Brewer and satellite total ozone data for each cluster have been analyzed. The accuracy of EP-TOMS total ozone data is affected by moderate cloudiness, showing a mean absolute bias error (MABE) of 2.0%. In addition, the turbidity also has a significant influence on EP-TOMS total ozone data with a MABE ~1.6%. Those data are in contrast with clear days with MABE ~1.2%. The total ozone data derived from the OMI instrument show clear bias at clear and ...

Antón, M., Loyola, D., Navascúes, B., and Valks, P.: Comparison of GOME total ozone data with ground data from the Spanish Brewer spectroradiometers, Ann. Geophys., 26, 401–412, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-401-2008, 2008.; Antón, M., Loyola, D., López, M., Vilaplana, J. M., Bañón, M., Zimmer, W., and Serrano, A.: Comparison of GOME-2/MetOp total ozone data with Brewer spectroradiometer data over the Iberian Peninsula, Ann. Geophys., 27, 1377–1386, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-1377-2009, 2009a.; Antón, M., López, M., Vilaplana, J. M., Kroon, M., McPeters, R. D., Bañón, M., and Serrano, A.: Validation of OMI-TOMS and OMI-DOAS total ozone column using five Brewer spectroradiometers at the Iberian peninsula, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D14307, doi:10.1029/2009JD012003, 2009b.; Antón, M., Vilaplana, J. M., Kroon, M., Serrano, A., Parias, M., Cancillo, M. L., and de la Morena, B.: The empirically corrected EP-TOMS total ozone data against Brewer measurements at El Arenosillo (Southwestern Spain), IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 48(7), 3039–3045, 2010.; Balis, D., Lambert, J. C., van Roozendael, M., Spurr, R., Loyola, D., Livschitz, Y., Valks, P., Amiridis,...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Socioeconomic Characteristics of the Abalone Fishery Along the West Coast of the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico

Document Series: http://biodiversitylibrary.org/oai

Read More
  • Cover Image

Caught Pupae from North West Frontier Province, Pakistan.

Abstract: ABSTRACT: Age specific life tables were compiled for 3 cohorts of Cx. quinquefasciatus emerging from wild-caught pupae collected during autumn at Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan and held in a room whose mean temperature ranged from 19 to 25 C and relative humidity ranged from 79 to 92%. Female life expectancy at emergence was 74.1 days, which was significantly longer than males, 30.0 days. The net reproductive rate was 58.6 females per female per generation, the innate rate of increase was 0.081 females per female and the generation time was 50.5 days. These results were compared with those presented for other geographic strains of Cx. quinquefasciatus....

Read More
  • Cover Image

Estimated Life Expectancy at Birth in Years, By Race and Sex : Death-Registration States, 1900–28, And United States, 1929–2002

By: Department of Health and Human Services

Alaska included in 1959 and Hawaii in 1960. 2Prior to 1970, data for the black population are not available. Data shown for 1900 -- 69 are for the nonwhite population. See ‘‘Technical Notes.’’ 3Deaths based on a 50-percent sample. 4Figures by race exclude data for residents of New Jersey; see ‘‘Technical Notes.’’......

Na

Read More
  • Cover Image

Women in Agriculture Environment and Rural Production

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The population of the Republic of Maldives was 2X2 000 persons in 19911 (FAO. SIDS 1(99) of which 48.8 percent were women (ESCAP 19991. At 2.X percen t in 19?!5 ... 199l!, the Maldives has one of me highest population growth rates among developing countries in the Asi a-Pacific region. The population is young: almost half of the population is under 15 yea rs; 52.5 percent is in the working age group (15-M years} and just ].5 percent is 65 years or older. Life expectancy for both men and women is 70 years (ADB 2UOI). The sex ratio is W5 men per 100 women (Fi fth National Developme nt Plan, Gove rnment of the Maldives], Tota l pop ulation is projected to reach] 7] DOD oy 2010 1ESCA PiWID 19?19)....

Read More
  • Cover Image

Report of Findings on Methodologi and Data Issues

By: Department of Health and Human Services

NA

Contents 1. Summary Measures of Population Health ........................................................ 1 1.1Introduction............................................................................... 1 1.2OverviewoftheRoleofSummaryMeasuresinHealth............................................ 2 1.2.1Theprocessofpopulationhealthchange................................................... 2 1.2.2Pastuseofsummarymeasures........................................................... 3 1.3 Potential Summary Measures Suggested for Healthy People 2010 ................................... 5 1.4AvailabilityofDataforEstimatingtheProposedMeasures......................................... 6 References................................................................................... 7 2. Methods for Calculating Healthy Life Expectancy................................................. 8 2.1Introduction............................................................................... 8 2.2TheLifeTableTechnique.................................................................... 8 2.2.1Estimatingtheaverageexpectationoflife.......................................

Read More
  • Cover Image

Characteristics of Hospice Care Discharges and Their Length of Service : United States, 2000

By: Gina M. Martin

The eligibility requirements for hospice care vary depending on who is providing the service. The requirements for most programs are based on those of the Medicare Hospice Benefit (MHB), but many hospices have broader eligibility criteria so persons not eligible for the MHB can be admitted for care. The MHB can be used by persons who are certified by a physician as having a terminal illness (that is, a life expectancy of6 months or less). Because predicting life expectancy is an inexact science, a person may be re-certified for the MHB indefinitely as long as he/she meets the Medicare eligibility criteria (2,4–7)....

Contents Abstract.................................................................................................. 1 Highlights................................................................................................. 1 Introduction............................................................................................... 1 Methods.................................................................................................. 2 Results................................................................................................... 4 PatientCharacteristics..................................................................................... 4 ServicesandServiceProviders.............................................................................. 4 FunctionalStatus......................................................................................... 4 Diagnoses............................................................................................... 5 Length-of-ServiceMeasures................................................................................ 5 SummaryandDiscussion.....................................

Read More
  • Cover Image

La Coordination Del Sector Forestal en Africa Central

By: J. P. Koyo

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, aprobados en la Cum-bre del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas en 2000, recalcan la necesidad de liberar a todos los pueblos de la pobreza extrema (Naciones Unidas, 2000). De los aproximadamente 207 millones de personas en los paises de la Comunidad del Africa Meridional para el Desarrollo (SADC), se calcula que el 70 por ciento viven bajo el nivel internacional de pobreza de 2 dolares EE.UU. por dia (SADC, 2003). La situacion se agrava por el elevado indice de crecimiento de la poblacion, estimado en el 2,4 por ciento anual (SADC, 2004); la elevada tasa de infeccion por el VIH/SID A, estimada por encima del 20 por ciento de la poblacion adulta (SADC, 2003); la baja produc-cion agricola; y la creciente frecuen-cia de fenomenos climaticos extremos. La pobreza ha obligado a la mayoria de las comunidades a recurrir a la utilizacion insostenible de los recursos forestales, de los que muchos consideran poder dispo-ner libremente. Al hacerlo asi, destruyen el medio ambiente del que depende su existencia, con el consiguiente circulo vicioso de pobreza. Durante los dos ul-timos decenios la SADC ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Puede el Protocolo Sobre Silviculture de la Comunidad Del Africa Meridional para el Desarrollo Detener las Amenazas Crecientes a Los Bosques de la Region

By: L. Mubaiwa

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, aprobados en la Cum-bre del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas en 2000, recalcan la necesidad de liberar a todos los pueblos de la pobreza extrema (Naciones Unidas, 2000). De los aproximadamente 207 millones de personas en los paises de la Comunidad del Africa Meridional para el Desarrollo (SADC), se calcula que el 70 por ciento viven bajo el nivel internacional de pobreza de 2 dolares EE.UU. por dia (SADC, 2003). La situacion se agrava por el elevado indice de crecimiento de la poblacion, estimado en el 2,4 por ciento anual (SADC, 2004); la elevada tasa de infeccion por el VIH/SID A, estimada por encima del 20 por ciento de la poblacion adulta (SADC, 2003); la baja produc-cion agricola; y la creciente frecuen-cia de fenomenos climaticos extremos. La pobreza ha obligado a la mayoria de las comunidades a recurrir a la utilizacion insostenible de los recursos forestales, de los que muchos consideran poder dispo-ner libremente. Al hacerlo asi, destruyen el medio ambiente del que depende su existencia, con el consiguiente circulo vicioso de pobreza. Durante los dos ul-timos decenios la SADC ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Puede el Protocolo Sobre Silviculture de la Comunidad Del Africa Meridional para el Desarrollo Detener las Amenazas Crecientes a Los Bosques de la Region

By: L. Mubaiwa

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, aprobados en la Cum-bre del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas en 2000, recalcan la necesidad de liberar a todos los pueblos de la pobreza extrema (Naciones Unidas, 2000). De los aproximadamente 207 millones de personas en los paises de la Comunidad del Africa Meridional para el Desarrollo (SADC), se calcula que el 70 por ciento viven bajo el nivel internacional de pobreza de 2 dolares EE.UU. por dia (SADC, 2003). La situacion se agrava por el elevado indice de crecimiento de la poblacion, estimado en el 2,4 por ciento anual (SADC, 2004); la elevada tasa de infeccion por el VIH/SID A, estimada por encima del 20 por ciento de la poblacion adulta (SADC, 2003); la baja produc-cion agricola; y la creciente frecuen-cia de fenomenos climaticos extremos. La pobreza ha obligado a la mayoria de las comunidades a recurrir a la utilizacion insostenible de los recursos forestales, de los que muchos consideran poder dispo-ner libremente. Al hacerlo asi, destruyen el medio ambiente del que depende su existencia, con el consiguiente circulo vicioso de pobreza. Durante los dos ul-timos decenios la SADC ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

By: Department of Health and Human Services

White Black Other Year Male Female Male Female Male Female Total Years of Potential Life Lost to Age 65 1990 95 5 35 - 5 5 145 1991 75 45 -- 45 - 165 1992 85 40 -- 125 1993 115 25 - 15 -- 155 1994 40 15 -- 55 1995 85 35 - 25 -- 145 1996 190 65 35 -- 290 1997 40 45 -- 85 1998 30 - 15 -- 45 1999 190 110 15 -- 315 TOTAL 945 385 100 40 50 5 1,525 Years of Potential Life Lost to Life Expectancy 1990 396 103 38 - 21 21 579 1991 344 134 -- 65 - 543 1992 218 92 7 -- 317 1993 425 196 - 28 - 8 657 1994 301 100 -- 401 1995 280 162 18 70 -- 530 1996 542 242 39 14 -- 837 1997 283 202 -- 485 1998 311 78 24 -- 413 1999 531 387 24 -- 942 TOTAL 3,631 1,696 150 112 86 29 5,704 Table 8-3. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: Years of potential life lost to age 65 and life expectancy by race and sex, U.S. residents age 15 and over, 1990-1999 indicates no deaths listed. NOTE: See appendices for source description, methods, and ICD codes....

Na

Read More
  • Cover Image

Healthy Life Expectancy in North Carolina, 1996-2000

By: Paul A. Buescher, Ph. D.

Objectives: Life tables have traditionally been used to estimate life expectancy at birth and at other ages. This study combines the life table methodology with measures of morbidity or ill health to calculate healthy life expectancy for the population of North Carolina. Methods: We use 1996-2000 mortality data to calculate life expectancies for North Carolinians and then add 1993-2000 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimate, by age, average years of life remaining in good perceived health, in good physical health, in good mental health, and without activity limitation. These estimates are produced for the total population, males, females, whites, minorities, white males, white females, minority males, and minority females....

NA

Read More
  • Cover Image

Health : United States, 1995

By: Department of Health and Human Services

Mortality: Between 1940 and 1970 the difference in life expectancy at birth between women and men increased from 4.4 to 7.6 years. After remaining stable in the 1970’s the difference in life expectancy between women and men decreased. In 1993 life expectancy at birth was 78.8 years for women, 6.6 years longer than for men (figure 1)....

NA

Read More
  • Cover Image

Deaths : Preliminary Data for 2001

By: Elizabeth Arias, Ph. D.

Objectives: This report presents preliminary data on deaths for the year 2001 in the United States. U.S. data on deaths are shown by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Death rates for 2001 are based on population estimates consistent with the April 1, 2000, census. Data on life expectancy, leading causes of death, infant mortality, and deaths resulting from September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks are also presented. For comparison, this report also presents revised final death rates for 2000, based on populations consistent with the April 1, 2000, census....

Contents Abstract....................................... 1 Introduction .................................... 1 SourcesandMethods ............................. 2 Datasources.................................. 2 Results....................................... 2 Trendsinnumbersandrates ...................... 2 Causesofdeath ............................... 3 Infantmortality................................. 5 References..................................... 5 ListofDetailedTables............................. 6 TechnicalNotes................................. 30...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Vermont : Controlling Tobacco Use Among Young People through Peer Outreach, Media Campaigns, Laws, And Policies

By: Department of Health and Human Services

The Vermont Department of Health’s Tobacco Control Program supports Vermont Kids Against Tobacco, which reaches out to young people in schools and other sites statewide to form groups of young people devoted to keeping themselves and their peers tobacco free. The tobacco control program also sponsors media campaign programs targeting young people, including an ongoing prevention campaign targeting young people aged 10 -- 13 years and a social norms campaign that aims to correct misconceptions about the prevalence of cigarette smoking among young people. In addition, the Vermont legislature has passed laws and policies to help reduce tobacco use by restricting smoking in the workplace, prohibiting the sale of tobacco products to people under the age of 18, and banning smoking in the common areas of all enclosed indoor places with public access, including restaurants....

Na

Read More
  • Cover Image

Ten Great Public Health Achievements — United States, 1900–1999

By: Department of Health and Human Services

Ten Great Achievements — ContinueDuring the 20th century, the health adnd life expectancy of persons residing in the United States improved dramatically. Since 1900, the average lifespan of persons in the United States has lengthened by 30 years; 25 years of this gain are attributable to advances in public health (1). To highlight these advances, MMWR will profile 10 public health achievements (see box) in a series of reports published through December 1999....

Na

Read More
  • Cover Image

Chronic Disease Notes and Reports Chronic Disease Notes and Reports

By: Department of Health and Human Services

The new millennium brings the nation many challenges, but none is more troubling than that of caring for an increasingly large population Americans older than 65 years. Not has the birthrate decreased since 1964, when the baby boom ended; at the same time, life expectancy has increased dramatically, from 47 years 1900 to 76 years 1990. Adults older 85 years are the fastest-growing part of the population; by 2030, they are expected to number 8.5 million. “If disease patterns stay the same, health care system will have to spend additional $400 to $500 billion to cover the costs of an older population,” James S. Marks, MD, MPH, Director, NCCDPHP. However, lifestyle changes and increased emphasis on death, but in many cases reduce the quality of life. Approximately 80% of all seniors have at least one chronic condition, and 50% have at least two. Chronic diseases are among the most prevalent, costly, and preventable of all health problems. Although the risk of disease and disability clearly increases with advancing age, chronic diseases are not an inevitable consequence of aging. In many cases, their origins are grounded in health-damag...

na

Read More
  • Cover Image

An Improved Tropospheric No2 Retrieval for Omi Observations in the Vicinity of Mountainous Terrain : Volume 2, Issue 2 (29/07/2009)

By: K. F. Boersma; R. Dirksen; D. Brunner; P. Wang; Y. Zhou

Description: Empa, Swiss Federal Lab. for Materials Testing and Research, Dübendorf, Switzerland. We present an approach to reduce topography-related errors of vertical tropospheric columns (VTC) of NO2 retrieved from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) in the vicinity of mountainous terrain. This is crucial for reliable estimates of air pollution levels over our particular area of interest, the Alpine region and the adjacent planes, where the Dutch OMI NO2 product (DOMINO) exhibits significant biases due to the coarse resolution of surface parameters used in the retrieval. Our approach replaces the coarse-gridded surface pressures by accurate pixel-average values using a high-resolution topography data set, and scales the a priori NO2 profiles accordingly. NO2 VTC reprocessed in this way for the period 2006–2007 suggest that NO2 over the Po Valley in Italy and over the Swiss plateau is underestimated by DOMINO by about 15–20% in winter and 5% in summer under clear-sky conditions (cloud radiance fraction <0.5). A sensitivity analysis shows that these seasonal diff...

Acarreta, J. R., De Haan, J. F., and Stammes, P.: Cloud pressure retrieval using the O$_2-$O2absorption band at 477 nm, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D05204, doi:10.1029/2003JD003915, 2004.; ATBD GDP 4.0: Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for GOME Total Column Densities of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide, UPAS/GDOAS: GDP 4.0, ERSE-DTEX-EOPGTN-04-0007, Iss./Rev. 1/A, 2004.; Bertram, T. H., Heckel, A., Richter, A., Burrows, J. P., and Cohen, R. C.: Satellite measurements of daily variations in soil NOx emissions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32(24), L24812 doi:10.1029/2005GL024640, 2005.; Blond, N., Boersma, K. F., Eskes, H. J., van der A, R. J., Van Roozendael, M., De Smedt, I., Bergametti, G., and Vautard, R.: Intercomparison of SCIAMACHY nitrogen dioxide observations, in-situ measurements and air quality modeling results over Western Europe, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D10311, doi:10.1029/2006JD007277, 2007.; Boersma, K. F., Eskes, H. J., and Brinksma, E. J.: Error analysis for tropospheric NO2 retrieval from space, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D04311, doi:10.1029/2003JD003962, 2004.; Boersma, K. F., Eskes, H. J., Veefkind, J....

Read More
       
1
|
2
|
3
|
4
|
5
Records: 1 - 20 of 1,734 - Pages: 
 
 





Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.