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World Health Organization : Year 1989 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Distribution de substances de reference en 1988 En 1988, le Ccntre a distribud des laboratoires de contrbla pharmaceutique de 110 pays 1096 ~chantillons de substances chimiques internationales de reference et 25 series de suljstances de reference pour la determination du point de fusion. Ces chiffres representent une diminution d'cnviron L6 X par rapport A ceux de 1987. Les six substances les plus frdquelment demandees en 1988 ont etd, dans l'ordre, l'ampicilline, le tri...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; Onusida, No. 01.30F - in F...

By: Donald Balmer

Medical Reference Publication

L e conseil et e test volontaires (CTV) nfont que recemment acquis leurs lettres de noblesse dans le domaine de la prevention clu \/IH/SIDA et des soins aux malades. L'accils aux services de CTV clemeure toutefois limit6 et la clemancle est souvent faible. Dans de nonibreux pays h torte prevalence, ces services ne sont pas largenient disponibles, et les gens ont souvent peur cle connaitre leur serologieVIH, sachant qu'ils n'auront guPre la possibilit6 de beneficier cle s...

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Public Health Publication : World Health Organization ; (Php) Publ...

By: V. M. Zhdanov

Medical Reference Publication

Aunque 10s primeros intentos de empleo de la inmunizaci6n para prevenir y combatir las enfermedades infecciosas se llevaron a cab0 en un pasado ya lejano - la primera contribuci6n importante a la soluci6n del problema la hizo el gran mkdico inglks Edward Jenner a fines del siglo XVIII -, la teoria y la prlctica de la inmunologia no iniciaron su desarrollo efectivo hasta 10s grandes descubrimientos de Pasteur y de sus discipulos, Robert Koch, Ilya Mechnikov, Joseph Lister...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 199...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Ukraine. Diphtheria was a common disease in Uluaine at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1910, its annual mcidence rate reached a level of nearly 1% (857 per 100 000 population). In the 1920s and 1930s, diphtheria incidence rates declined to between 10 and 100 per 100 000 population, but they increased again during World War I1 (Fig. I ) . Since the early 1960t~h~er e has been a steady decrease in hphtheria incidence and the lowest numbers of cases (8 and 9) were rep...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 198...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Over the years Member States ofthe WHO African Region have continued to address the need to strengthen national disease control programmes. One area of activity in this respect s the training of personnel in epidemiology. Origmally, interregional training programmes were organized by WHO outside the w o n , but in 1980, the Regional Committee for Africa, at its thirtieth session, adopted a resolurion requesting the Director-General and the Regional Duector to develop epi...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: John R. Paul, M. D.

Medical Reference Publication

During the part year we have had occasion to review again the functions and objective of the Reference Serum Bank,eatablished by the World Health Organization (WHO)in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health.

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Se...

By: K. K. Iya, Ph. D.

Medical Reference Publication

L'hygibne du lait, telle que la con~oivent et la mettent en pratique les pays occidentaux, est pour l'lnde une notion relativement nouvelle. Bien que le pays soit gentralement conscient de l'importance des soins de propretC dans la manipulation du lait, la ntcessitt d'un niveau tlevt d'hygikne au cours de la production: les avantages de la conservation du lait a faible temperature et les techniques modernes de traitenlent hygitnique du lait ne sont pas encore apparus dan...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 890, (Par...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

A Joint FAO/IAEA/WHO Study Group on High-Dose Irradiation met in Geneva from 15 to 20 September 1997. Dr F. S. Antezana, Deputy Director-General ad interim, opened the meeting on behalf of the Directors-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and the World Health Organization (WHO). He said that the three Organizations had had a long and sucessful history of collaboration in the area of ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

FOREWORD The first edition of this manual was prepared by Mr Lorenzo Carrero, a Consultant with the Italian Association, Amici di Raoul Follereau (AIFO) in response to a need expressed within community-based rehabilitation programmes. The manual was successfully used in Mongolia, Vietnam and Indonesia providing up-to-date training for therapists acting as referral persons for professionals in primary health care (PHC). AIFO, as an international NGO in official relations ...

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World Health Organization Publication : 9242544043 - (Chapter 14):...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

AccessibilitS. La proportion d'une population donnee qui a acc2s dans une lilnite raisonnable 2 un service donne ; peut Etre mesuree en ternzes de distance, de temps, de coOt ou evaluee en terrnes de facteurs socio-culturels. Agent. Facteur dont la presence ou I'absence est essentielle dans la survenue d'une maladie, par exemple micro-01-ganismes, substances chimiques, vitamines et acides aminks essentiels. Agregat (ou grappe). Sitrie de cas groupes dans le temps, l'espa...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 100 - in ...

By: G. Harlem

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION Le problkme des amputts est reconnu comme un problkme mondial dont les incidences sociales, Cconomiques. industrielles et psychologiques sont loin de se limiter aux seuls amputCs. A des degrts divers, ce problCme intCresse tous les pays, et tous sont A la recherche de renseignements, de conseils et d'avis autorisks. I1 est indispensable de connaitre les mtthodes qui ont t t t mises au point ou qui pourraient l'etre pour prtvenir les amputations et pour rtdui...

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World Health Organization Publication : The Second Ten Year of the...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

In administrative matters the first ten years of the Organization may be regarded as the formative stage. Because international administration was still a relatively new concept, work had to be carried on by trial and error, with much improvisation because of the necessity of dealing with new problems promptly. In the period which followed, systematic efforts were pursued to create an efficient and economic administrative machinery based on modern managerial concepts and...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 92415456...

By: Nelson Mandela

Medical Reference Publication

Il ventesimo secolo verrà ricordato come un secolo segnato dalla violenza. Ci addolora con il suo carico di distruzioni di massa, di violenza inflitta su scala mai vista e non immaginabile precedentemente nella storia degli uomini. Questo carico – il risultato di nuove tecnologie al servizio di ideologie basate sull’odio – non è l’unico che ci affligge, né l’unico di cui ci dobbiamo occupare. Meno visibile, ma forse ancora più diffuso, è il peso della sofferenza quotidia...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2005; Volume 83, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

MISUSEA ND OVERUSEO F INJECTIONW ORLDWIDE Injectionis oneo f the mostc ommonh ealthc arep roceduresE. achy eara t least1 6 billioni njections are administereidn developinga ndt ransitionaclo untriesT. hev astm ajoritya, round9 5o/oa,r ag iven in curativec are.l mmunizatioanc countsfo r around3 o/oo f all injectionsw, itht he remaindefro r other indications, including use of injections for transfusion of blood and blood products and contraceptives. In certainr egionso f t...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 65: Exper...

By: D. M. Blair, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

1.3 Summarizing the information available, the committee was of the opinion that, while it showed the wide distribution of actual and potential vectors of bilharziasis in tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world, and of human infection from various schistosome species, it gave no adequate measure of the true prevalence and severity of bilharziasis as a disease or as a cause of disability or of death. 1.4 The committee noted in this connexion that, since most h...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 696 - in ...

By: W. H. B. Denner

Medical Reference Publication

El ComitC Mixto FAOIOMS de Expertos en Aditivos Alimentarios se reuni6 en Ginebra del 11 a1 20 de abril de 1983. En nombre de 10s Directores Generales de la Organization de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentacion y de la Organizacidn Mundial de la Salud, abrid la reunion el Dr. J. Hamon, Subdirector General de la OMS. Despues de exponer brevemente la historia y actividades del ComitC de Expertos, el Dr. Hanion seiialo que 10s consumidores de 10s paises ...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 228: Eval...

By: E. L. Abramson

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives met in Geneva from 5 to 12 June 1961. The meeting was opened by Dr L. Verhoestraete, Director of the Division of Health Protection and Promotion of WHO, on behalf of the Directors-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization. Dr H. C. Spencer and Professor R. Truhaut were unanimously elected Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively. Professor A. C....

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World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Se...

By: Th. E. Galesloot, Dr. Ir.

Medical Reference Publication

La production de lait stkrilis6 a considerablement augment6 dans de nombreux pays au cours des dernieres annees ; ce lait a CtC largement accept6 non seulement dans les pays chauds, mais aussi dans les pays tempCrCs (par exemple en Europe occidentale); les consommateurs preferent presque toujours un lait de conservation illimitee, ne repugnent pas a le payer plus cher et se r6signent facilement B lqaltQation de gofit que provoque la st6rilisation (altkration qui a d'aill...

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1987 ; Volume 8 No...

By: F. Marc Laforce, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Antigens currently in use Poliomyelitis Most countries continue to base control on oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV), which has eliminated wild poliovirus from large areas of the world. Outstanding results in Brazil have served as a strong impetus for a poliomyelitis elimination programme in the Americas. A major reason for the success of OPV is that multiplication of the vaccine virus in the intestines leads to its dissemination beyond the immunized individual. This prob...

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Health Organisation, Malaria Comission; World Health Organization ...

By: G. Trouyez; M. Saulnier

Medical Reference Publication

S c i e n t i s t s , administrators and even laboratory workers find it d i f f i c u l t to keep up with the l a t e s t developments in diagnostic reagents t h a t use the most up-to-date techniques.

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