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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 197...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

As of 26 April 1979 a total of 74 632 cases had been notified for 1978 as compared with 58 087 cases in 1977 and 66 020 In 1976 (Tables 1 and 2). Cholera was more widespreadin 1978, affecting a total of 40 countries; this number (which was the same as in 1974) is the maximum recorded since the beginning of the present pandemic in 1961. Eight new countries were infected in 1978; this was the highest number in any one year since 1970-1971 when cholera first spread to the A...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

SUMMARY The Workshopo n InformationE xchangein Managemenatn dU seo f Pharmaceuticals, Biologicalsa ndH erbalM edicinesin PacificI slandC ountriesw ash eldi n Nadi,F iji, from 25 to28 October1 999.T hem aino bjectiveo f thew orkshopw ast o improveth ea vailabilityq, uality andu seo f pharmaceuticablsio, logicalsa ndh erbaml edicineisn theP acifici slandc ountriesth rough strengtheninagn dp romotinga networkf or informatione xchange.T his workshopr eviewedp ast activitiesa...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 196...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Notifications rsues aux termes du Rkglement sanitaire international wnffirnant les cirwnscriptions infect& ou les territoires oh la presence dc maladies quarantenaires a ktk. signal& (vou page 220). x = Nouveaux territoires signalks. = Ciconscriptions ou territoires notifib aux termes de I'article 3 A la date donnee. Pow les autres territoues, la prksenm de maladies quarantenaires a kt6 notifik aux termes des articles 4, 5 et 9 a) pow la ptriode se terminant ;Z la date indiquk.

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World Health Organization : Year 1993 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The Standing Committee continues it6 fundraising actlvitles with existing and potential contributors through correspondence, visits and personal contacts. The Director of the WHO Division of Control of Tropical Diseases is invited to take part in the Standing Committee's discussions on fundraising to facilitate the coordination of approaches to contributors to both programmes. The Committee pursues all possible . . fundraising mechanisms, including designated contributio...

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World Health Organization Drug Information : Volume 14, No. 2, Yea...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Low back pain is neither a disease nor a diagnostic entity of any sort. The term refers to pain of variable duration in an area of the anatomy afflicted so often that it is has become a paradigm of responses to external and internal stimuli ?for example, “Oh, my aching back” is an expression used to mean that a person is troubled. The incidence and prevalence of low back pain are roughly the same the world over — wherever epidemiological data have been gathe...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1987 ; Issue 92435609...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Esta guia aparecio inicialmente en 1974 como documento de trabajo de la OMS sobre la formacion y utilization de 10s agentes de salud de aldea y, despues de amplia experimentation sobre el terreno, se edit6 en 1977 con el titulo ((El trabajador primario de salud)). Esta edicion experimental, que alcanzo gran exito y se agoto con rapidez, fue modificada en 1980 teniendo en cuenta la nueva informacion facilitada por 10s usuarios y se public6 una edicion revisada en cinco id...

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Health Organisation, Malaria Comission; World Health Organization ...

By: D. C. Warhurst

Medical Reference Publication

When malaria are 'exposed to the action of antimalarial drags, strains of parasite resistant to drug action ofteu develop. Their development may be through the operation of selection on pre-existing non-susceptible mutants, or it may be through other less defined causss. In malignant tertian malaria, caused by Plasmodium falciparum, resistance to chloroquine, other 4-amino-quinolines, and to mepacrine is a relatively ne& phenomenon which is causing some concern (~ruce-Ch...

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Prevention in Pri...

By: Richardo Capocaccia

Medical Reference Publication

Because papcrs claiming successful culrivation oS hfycobaclerin,~le~p rue continue to appear rcgularly in the literature, a list of criteria is required to assist the microbiologist as well as the non-specialist in their evaluation. Although these criteria could be presented in a general way, it would be more useful to relate them to the instances where cultures of microorganisms are said to be transferable and to those where actual mulliplication of :\% leprae is claime...

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The United Nations Joint Programme on Hiv-Aids (Unaids) : Year 200...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

This review was prepared for UNAIDS by Peter Aggleton, Elaine Chase, Kim Rivers and Paul Tyrer from the Thomas Coram Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London. All aspects of the publishing process were coordinated by Andrea Verwohlt, UNAIDS. The authors would like to thank the organizations and individuals - too numerous to mention individually - who generously provided their time, information and advice during the preparation of this review. We ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Marcos A. Espinal, M. D.

Medical Reference Publication

DOTS-Plus Executive Summary The World Health Organization (WHO) DOTS strategy for the management of tuberculosis (TB) cures the majority of TB patients and prevents new drug-resistant cases from arising DOTS is a five-component policy package acknowledged by the World from arising DOTS is a five -comporient policy

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1971; Volume 44; Volum...

By: T. Ramachandra Rao

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction The 1970 Birth Cohort Study is a national and Longitudinal study of the health and development of 15,000 children living in England, Scotland and LUales who were born between 5th and 11th April, 1970. Large cohort studies such as this offer considerable opportunities for both cross-sectional and longitudinal multivariate research into children's lives and their physical and cognitive development. Unfortunately, however, because such studies appear to be able...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; Communicable Diseases and ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

IMPORTANT This protocol is intended to serve as a guideline for the determination ofbioavailability of only the rifampicin component in a fixed dose combination (FDC) anti-tuberculosis preparation. It is done by a restriction of the number of assay-points up to 8 hours only, which is different to the number of points which would be used if companion drugs in the preparation (such as pyrazinamide or ethambutol) were to be studied also (0-48 hours). This protocol would, ho...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1967; Volume 37, Numbe...

By: George Burton

Medical Reference Publication

Although the parasitological diagnosis of amoe- biasis is -satisfactory in intestinal forms of the disease. it is not satisfactorv in cases of liver abscess. Amoebae are often not found in the aspirated pus, and the diagnosis of amoebiasis is usually made presumptively on the finding of sterile pus of characteristic appearance. In patients with abscesses that are deep, small or multiple, the diagnosis is often delayed owing to difficulty in obtaining pus, sometimes wi...

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Prevention in Pri...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction In 1974, when the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was launched by WHO less than 5% of the world’s children had been immunized during their first year of life against the six initial target diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), poliomyelitis, measles and tuberculosis. However, vaccines were soon judged to be one of the most cost-effective ways of improving and maintaining children’s health (1, 2). The extensive promotion of vacci...

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World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; World Health Organization,...

By: M. A. Sarourdy, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

ELEVAGE ET MAINTIEN WES ANIMAUX DE MSIBORATOIRE Ce manuel, destine aux pays en d4veloppemenC, a pour objectif de fournir des connaissances de base sur l'6levage et le maintien de souris, rats, cobayes et lapins utilises pour le diagnostic de laboratoire, la production ec le contr8le der vaccins, risctifs et medicaments.

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1955; Volume 12, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

La Sante pour tous est la prenliere politique qui air ete acceptee par tous les Etats Mcmbres de la Region europeenne et qui soit soutenue par des politiciens d'opinions differentes. Elle favorise une vision a long terme de I'action sanitaire, dont on a pu constater la stabilitk dans les periodes de crise et lors des changements de gouvernement. Nombre de pays de la Region europeenne ont dejh atteint plusieurs objectifs de la Sant6 pour tous, non sans qu'il existe d'impo...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1977; Volume 55, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

As noted in an earlier paper by Dizon et al. (1965) one of the characteristics of cholera El Tor in the Philippines has been the occurrence of explosive outbreaks heralding the introduction of infection in many of the islands. Cholera introduced into the province of Negros Occidental during the first week in November 1961 followed this explosive pattern, producing 330 cases during the first week. An apparent association of cholera cases with the consun~ption of raw seafo...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: R. Sansonnens

Medical Reference Publication

The steady extension of the transport of biological substances such as vaccines, therapeutic sera and diagnostic reagents, the increasing collaboration between laboratories and research institutes of various countries within ~ n dou tside t h i s Region require systematic application of safety requirements and transport regulations to avoid undue delays in their shipment in order not to impalr their value for preventive and therapeutic use, diagnostic and researoh purpos...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2004; Volume 82, Numbe...

By: James Buchanan

Medical Reference Publication

Nordic statistics on medicines: 1993-1 995 National consumption statistics have been published for the Nordic countries by the Nordic Council on Medicines (NLN) covering Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Their purpose is to make data on drug consumption more generally available. The new publication provides comparative data between countries, and illustrates trends in drug consumption with emphasis on national differences. In order to give a perspective to th...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2005 ; Issue 92415629...

By: Helen Herrman

Medical Reference Publication

The World Health Organization (WHO) embraces a definition of health as “physical, mental, and social well-being”. Of these elements, mental well-being historically has been misunderstood and often forgotten. WHO has spent the last five years actively addressing the barriers that prevent access to mental health care and campaigning for the full incorporation of mental health in worldwide public health. Thanks greatly to their hard work, mental health now ranks as a priori...

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