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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 199...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The cholera epidemic which broke out suddenly in Peru in 1991 and spread-rapidly to cover almost all the counmes of Central and South America has modified the global epidemiological profile of this disease in 3 ways. First of all, the total annual number of cholera cases notified to WHO by its Member States has reached levels unprecedented during the seventh pandemic,.?vith a peak of 595 000 cases in 199 1. Secondly, the Region of the Americas now has the largest number ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1954; Volume 11, Numbe...

By: F. J. Dy, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

During the thirty-two years following the great influenza pandemic of 1915-19, some fifteen epidemic waves of varying degrees of importance were recorded in the Northern Hemisphere. During this period, important developments affected the mortality ascribed to the' disease. The trends of mortality directly or indirectly attributed to influenza were affected by the wider use, in the treatment of the disease, of sulfonamides and, later, antibiotics. The gradual adoption of ...

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European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97; Prevention in Prima...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

It is generally agreed rhat bzyond about 6 months oF age breast milk alone is insufficienl to mnintain normal infanl growth (6)

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 606 - in ...

By: Missing Page

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Missing page

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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86, Fhe, Women's Health and ...

By: H. Mahler, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Mr/Madame President, Honourable Delegates, Mrs Sarah Tletze, Ladies and Gentlemen! First of all I should like to thank the organizers of the Christopher Tietze International Symposium for the privilege of delivering this closing keynote address. It seems quite appropriate that all of us who had agre at regard for the late Dr Christopher Tietze should be . gathered here at this Symposium to honour h i s memory. Dr Tietze will always be remembered for hisinte a t i o n ...

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1994 ; Volume 15 N...

By: C. P. Thakul, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Indigenous people have been trained to provide a culturally appropriate kala-azar control programme for the tribal population of Sahibganj, Bihar, India. Cultural resistance to modern medicine has been overcome and the influence of village witch-doctors has been countered.

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 196...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Ripublique gdkrale d'Allemagne: Hanovre, Bnsse Saxe. - Un cas importe de variole zl Hanovre a kt6 notifik par telex le 26 mars chez un dermatologue de 48 ans qui avait fait un skjour en Inde pour 1'6tude de la variole et de la lkpre. I1 rentra zl Francfort le 23 mars par le vol 107 d'Air India et en repartit trois heures plus tard pour Hanovre. (vol Lufthansa 451). Le malade avait deux pustules sur les lkvres; le diagnostic de variole, ttabli au microscope electronique l...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1964; Volume 30, Numbe...

By: S. Ja. Gaidamovic

Medical Reference Publication

The participants of the meeting of a WHO Scientific Group on Consultation on Methods of Assessment of Psychosocial Factors related to Hypertension Control were welcomed by Dr I. Glasunov, Head, Division of Preventive Programes, Institute of Preventive Cardiology, Moscou. On behalf of the World Health Organization the meeting vaa opened by Dr V. Zaicsev, Regional officer for chronic Diseases. He referred tq;the Health Care Related Hypertension Research Action Arogramme (H...

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World Health Organization : Year 1991 : Global Programme on Aids D...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

WHO'S global strategy for the prevention and control of acquired inaunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has three objectives: (1) to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission: (2) to reduce the personal and social impact of BIV infection: and (3) to unify national and international efforts against AIDS. The World Health Assembly, in resolutions WHA40.26 and W12.33, and the United Nations General Assembly, in resolutions 1218 and 13115, have called upon all countr...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: L. F. Schnur

Medical Reference Publication

Cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis both occur in Israel, but most cases seen are of the simple cutaneous kind. This type is zoonotic, occurring in specific desert foci in the southern half of the country, with the exception of a cutaneous focus at Sulfit (Blum, 1978) in the mountainous region between Nablus and Jerusalem. In the desert foci, the rodents Psammomys obesus and Meriones crassus are the reservoir and Phlebotomus papatasi the vector. The increase in this dis...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 197...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

HYDATIDOSIS IN LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES On the basis of information received for 1976, the countries can be divided into three groups: (a) Countries apparently free from Infection Hydatid disease has not been reported in man and animals in the countries of Central America and the Caribbean Islands. This may be due to a low sheep population and the prevalent ecological and socioeconomic cond~tions. (b) Countries with Sporadic Cases of Hydatidosis In previous years, Ecuado...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Le programme a pour o b j e t , par une ambicieuse a c t i o n c o l l e c t i v e mende aux niveaux n a t i o n a l , rgional e t mondial, de f o u r n i r l e s informations s a n i t a i r e s l e s plus u t i l e s i un coGt abordable pour l e s pays. Les a c t i v i t C s pour l a pCriode biennale 1984-1985 seront fondees sur l e s quatre o b j e c t i f s d e t a i l l d s e t l e s c i b l e s correspondantes du Programme i moyen term (PMT) pour 1984-1989 ( v o i ...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1989 ; Issue 92425421...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Les gaz, les aerosols et les poussieres fortement irritants provoquent une toux riflexe ou un spasme larynge (apnke). Si ces substances penkrent profondement dans les poumons il y a un risque de bronchite toxique, d'cedtme pulmonaire ou de pneumonie. L'organisme s'habitue aux faibles concentrations d'agents irritants par une hypersecretion de mucus, micanisme caracteristique de la bronchite, que l'on observe kgalement chez les fumeurs.

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Merceline Dahl Regis

Medical Reference Publication

Today, immunization programmes are facing important challenges with respect to safety. Examples of these challenges are the fact that up to one-third of immunization injections are not carried out in a way that guarantees sterility, and that vaccine safety issues and related rumours are poorly understood and handled by those in charge of the immunization programmes. Immunization Safety has therefore been chosen as a Priority Project of the WHO Department of Vaccines and ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2002; Volume 80, Numbe...

By: Roy Porter

Medical Reference Publication

Our knowledge of the manner in which man acquires his immune defence against malaria has been largely based on the indirect evidence of clinical and epidemiological observations. Indeed, it is fortunate that malaria is a type of infection in which the manifestations of immunity can be so readily studied; parasitaemia rates and densities, mortality and morbidity in a population, as well as the spleen rates, all provide important insights into the dynamics of human malarial immunity.

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International Classification of Diseases : 2005; World Health Orga...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), which is a part of WHO’s Department of Reproductive Health and Research (RHR), has an ongoing commitment to strengthen capacity for sexual and reproductive health research in developing countries. This strategy is based on the recognition that research plays a crucial role in: the identification of sexual and reproductive health needs within communi...

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World Health Organization : Regional Office for the Western Pacifi...

By: B. D. P. Williamson

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION L'expresaion radiations e t saute peut Ptre definie Be la &me fason que l e terme santi lui-&me. Aiasi on ne considerera pas nigacivement lea radiations e t la santi, c'est-P-dire simplement l'absence de risques dus aux rayonnements ionisants, e t l'on adoptera un point de vue plus positif. Dans le contexte mgdical (qui, au prisent s&minaire, indique l'emploi principal des rayonnements dans la plupart des pays de l a Egion), on doit entendre par radiation...

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World Health Organization : Year 1996 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

CLASSIFICATION Primary use: Fungicides Secondary use: None Chemical group: Ethylenebisdithiocarbamates 1.0 GENERAL INFORMATION These three fungicides are metallo co-ordination complexes with ethylenebis (dithiocarbarnate), and exist as polymers. The manganese or zinc coordination complexes are known as maneb and zineb, respectively. Manmzeb is a coordination complex with both zinc and manganese, and has fungicidal activity distinct from either maneb or zineb.

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 198...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Three major events during 1986 bear testimony to the intensification of the global struggle agalnst dracuncullasis. In May, the Thirty-ninth World Health Assembly unanimously adopted a resolut~on(W HA39.21)cosponsored by BurkinaFaso, Cameroon, Indla, Mauritania, Nigena, Uganda, and the United States of Arnenca, whlch calls for the elimination o f d r a c u n c d i country by country. The Rwonal Committee for Africa formally expressed ~ tssu pport of the WHA resolut~ona t...

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Icp, Infection Pr...

By: T. Balkas

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Violence is ‘‘the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against another person or against oneself or a group of people, that results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, ‘maldevelopment’ or deprivation’’ (1). Interpersonal violence—the focus of this paper—is violence between individuals for which there is no clearly defined political motive. Male and female youths aged 15–24 years are the ...

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